Child or Other Dependent Sponsorship

The Family Sponsorship Program is designed to bring families together by allowing Canadian citizens or permanent residents who are parents of a child living abroad to apply for sponsorship. Both biological and adopted children are eligible for sponsorship if they meet the definition of a dependent child. A child is considered dependent if they are unmarried, not living in a common-law relationship, and under the age of 22, regardless of whether they are the biological or adopted child of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident. Children over the age of 22 may also be considered dependent if they suffer from a physical or mental condition that makes them unable to support themselves.

Parents wishing to sponsor their child must:

  • Be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in Canada
  • Be at least 18 years of age
  • Not be in prison, charged with a serious offense, or bankrupt

Sponsorship For Other Relatives

Canadian citizens or permanent residents can sponsor relatives such as siblings, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other relatives to become permanent residents of Canada.
Who Is Eligible To Sponsor?

Sponsors must:

  • Be at least 18 years old.
  • Be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act.
  • Be able to provide for the basic needs of those being sponsored.

To sponsor a relative who falls into the ‘other’ category (ie not a spouse, common law or conjugal partner, dependent child, adopted child, parent or grandparent), the sponsor must:

  • Meet set income guidelines.
  • Be financially responsible for the sponsored person(s) for 10 years.

Who Can Be Sponsored?

Relatives who fall into the ‘other’ category can only be sponsored in very specific situations.

  • Orphaned Brother, Sister, Nephew, Niece or Grandchild – An orphaned brother, sister, nephew, niece or grandchild can be sponsored if they meet the following conditions:
    • They are related to the sponsor by blood or adoption.
    • Both their mother and father died.
    • They are under 18.
    • They are not married or in a common-law or conjugal relationship.
  • Other Relative – One relative, related by blood or adoption, of any age, can be sponsored if the sponsor meets all of these conditions:
    • The sponsor does not have a living relative they could sponsor instead, such as a:
      • spouse
      • common-law partner
      • conjugal partner
      • son or daughter
      • parent
      • grandparent
      • orphaned brother or sister
      • orphaned nephew or niece
      • orphaned grandchild
    • The sponsor does not have any relatives who is a:
      • Canadian citizen
      • permanent resident
      • registered Indian under the Indian Act

If the sponsored relative has a spouse, partner, or dependent children who will accompany them to Canada, they must be included in the same sponsorship application.

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