Canadian spousal sponsorship is a process that allows a Canadian citizen or permanent resident to sponsor their spouse or common-law partner for Canadian permanent residency. This process involves completing various forms, providing supporting documents, and meeting specific eligibility criteria. One of the most significant decisions a couple needs to make during this process is whether to apply for inland or outland spousal sponsorship. In this article, we will discuss the differences between inland and outland spousal sponsorship and help you decide which option is right for you.
Inland Spousal Sponsorship
Inland spousal sponsorship is for those who are already in Canada with valid temporary resident status. The sponsored spouse can remain in Canada throughout the sponsorship process and can even apply for an open work permit while the application is being processed. This means that the sponsored spouse can work and live in Canada while waiting for their permanent residency application to be processed. Inland spousal sponsorship is typically faster than outland sponsorship, and the couple can be reunited more quickly.
However, there are also some disadvantages to inland spousal sponsorship. If the sponsored spouse leaves Canada before the application is approved, they may be unable to return until the application is finalized. Additionally, the sponsored spouse’s temporary status in Canada must remain valid throughout the entire application process. If their status expires, they may be asked to leave Canada before the application is finalized.
Outland Spousal Sponsorship
Outland spousal sponsorship is for those who are outside of Canada at the time of application. The sponsored spouse can remain in their home country while the application is being processed. This can be an advantage for couples who are not currently living together in Canada, as it allows them to stay in their home country until the application is finalized. Outland sponsorship generally takes longer than inland sponsorship, but it can be advantageous for couples who are not currently living together in Canada.
One significant advantage of outland spousal sponsorship is that the sponsored spouse can visit Canada during the application process. This can be an opportunity to reunite with their spouse and visit Canada, but they cannot work or study during their stay. Additionally, the outland sponsorship process may be more suitable for couples who wish to apply for permanent residency while the sponsored spouse is working or studying abroad.
Both inland and outland spousal sponsorship have their own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice between the two options depends on individual circumstances and preferences. It is essential to carefully consider your options before deciding which one to pursue. Consulting with an immigration lawyer or a licensed immigration consultant can help you make an informed decision and guide you through the application process.
In summary, inland sponsorship is suitable for couples who are already living in Canada and wish to remain in Canada throughout the application process. Outland sponsorship is suitable for couples who are not currently living together in Canada or want to apply while the sponsored spouse is working or studying abroad.